It’s summer and temperature is rising. The heat becomes unbearable and can harm our health and bring diseases that can hinder our daily activities.
Records from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that there are more than 76 million people that are sick with food poisoning every year. Children, older adults, and patients with weak immune system are found susceptible to food poisoning. And food poisoning is most common during summer because the bacteria that caused food poisoning grows very fast in humid weather.
Avoid food poisoning by storing perishable foods in the fridge or in a cooler with ice. Foods that are not refrigerated beyond two hours may not be safe for human consumption. For places with more than 90 degrees Fahrenheit, foods should not be left without refrigeration for more than an hour.
Hyperthermia occurs when human body generates or absorbs more heat. Older adults are more vulnerable to hyperthermia because they lose their ability to dissipate heat.
Severe conditions like heart ailment, obesity, and poor circulation may hamper one’s ability to cool down. Some medications for heart ailment, hypertension, and depression may tend to reduce the ability of older adults to respond to heat.
It is recommended by health experts to avoid engaging in outdoor activities during the peak hours of the day. Health authorities recommend to drink from 8 to 9 glasses of water every day. For some with special health conditions including congestive heart failure, kidney and liver diseases should consult your physician as to the limit of your fluid intake.
Summer can be harmful period for young children and adults suffering from asthma. Smog and air pollution, high levels of pollen and mold growth due to soaring humidity can cause asthma to attack.
If air pollution and pollen levels are high, remain indoors or in a place with air conditioning.
Lyme disease is caused by bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi which is transferred to human beings through the bites of infected black-legged ticks. Symptoms are headache, fever, fatigue, some skin rash known as erythema migrans. If it is untreated, the infection may spread to the heart, joints, and nervous system.
Lyme disease is common during the months of summer. The CDC advises to see a physician when the symptoms are present after you are bitten by a tick.
You can prevent tick bites by applying repellent with 20% or more DEET on the exposed skin.
The Coxsackie virus can cause mouth, hand, and foot diseases. Children younger than 10 are usually affected by the infections brought by the virus. Symptoms include sore throat, fever, small blisters on the hands and feet, and oral ulcers.
The infection is transmitted from person to person through saliva, feces, and mucous. Saltwater mouth rinse of half teaspoon of salt dissolved in a glass of warm water to relieve mouth ulcers. The best is to see your physician.